Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
Attack on the Dybboel stronghold on April 18th.
April 18 at 4:00 am the final bombardment was commenced.
a few hours almost 8000 shells fell over the Danish fortifications,
trenches and the area
bombardment continued for 6 hours, during which the fortifications
and redoubs were blown to pieces, a large number of
the few workable
guns were destroyed and the defenders suffered heavy losses.
defend the Dybboel stronghold was 5000 Danish soldiers in redoubts,
trenches and area behind the redoubts.
there were 6000 men in reserve in the nearby city Soenderborg
and on the island Als east of Soenderborg.
battle-fatigue and exhausted Danes were under siege by 37,000 fresh,
outcome seemed a foregone conclusion.
10 am the artillery fire moved farther toward the beachhead at the Als ,
and the Prussian outposts
opened a heavy rifle fire
towards the redoubts.
April 18th 10 am 12,000 Prussian soldiers divided into six columns started an
attack towards the redoubts on the
sparsely Occupied Danish left flank,
to the sound of the Düppeler Schanzen Sturm March (MP3), which was
military bands in the frontal attack trenches.
the same time the Prussian artillery shelling resumed.
from redoubts came a swarm of bullets against the invaders.
In a desperate race against the Preussians,
reserves behind the redoubts tried to reach the redoubts in
the before the enemy.
The Prussian trenches were only 250-300<
meters from the Danish redoubt,
the distance to the Danish reinforcements about the same.
More places reached defenders
and attackers the redoubts simultaneously.
a short battle the Danes were thrown out of the redoubts and then driven
back into hard man
to man fights.
courageous counterattack by the Danish 8.
brigade saved the Danish army
from being destroyed and made it possible
save most of the army down to a bridge at the edge of the Sundeved
and back to the island Als.
counterattack of the 8th Brigade
used for the Attack
The redoubts at the stronghold
The redoubts at Dybboel
I had a distance of 550 meters to the Prussian trenches and was quickly
the Prussian soldiers in
the first column and the crew was
forced to surrender.
The redoubt fell at 10.06
Redoubt I 1864
But now the first and third Prussian column
attacked the trenches from
the sides or back.
The first attack from the south of the redoubt was repulsed.
II was under very heavy shelling by the Prussian
batteries at Broager.
The redoubt was 400 meters from the Prussian front
trench and fell at
redoubt II, the commanding officer Lieutenant Ancher fought so
valiantly, that the Prussians subsequently erected a
memorial for him.
Lieutenant Ancher The memorial
Redoubt II 1864
attack Distance was 270 meters. Despite
this, the Danes refused to surrender.
3 attacks were needed before the
into the redoubt, but the fight continued in the interior of the redoubt
and the powder magazine before
the Danish soldiers finally surrendered
at 10.05 am.
At this time half of the defenders were dead or wounded.
Prussian losses in redoubt III were as large as 10 officers and 128 men.
Redoubt I 2010 Redoubt
II 2010 Redoubt III
Prussian fourth column which was supposed to attack redoubt fort IV in a
distance of 400 meters, was met with such a
fierce fire from the redoubt
and the area behind it, that the column was in disarray.
A part of the column attacked the trench
to the left of the redoubt and
broke through the Danish position.
The redoubt was now effectively surrounded and fell after a
battle at 10.13 am.
The redoubt fell at 10.05
Redoubt V and the back
VI fired six grenades with little bullets against the Prussian sixth
column, while they advanced towards the redoubt.
The attack distance was 330 meters.
These grenades did not stop the Prussian advance, and after a short
battle the redoubt fell at 10.05 am
The infantry from
behind did not reach in time to defend it.
The Artillery crew continued firing until the redoubt fell, and
therefore did not have sufficient time to destroy the guns, which
now turned against the trenches and the redoubts VII and VIII.
Redoubt VI 1864
Redoubt IV 2010 Redoubt V 2010 Redoubt VI 2010
As soon as the shooting was heard, units from the 17th Regiment moved forward to take their posts in the redoubts VII and
Despite heavy losses of the Prussian artillery fire on the road,
before the enemy and opened fire against
The Prussians were now surrounding redoubt VII and shortly after it
1th Company attempted a counterattack,
however, it failed.
Also the 7th
Company attempted another counterattack, but was surrounded and after a
short bayonet fighting they
counterattack of the 8th Brigade
The time was now 10.45, and the attack had lasted for 45 minutes. The Redoubts I to VII were surrendered and the Prussian
where the Danish 8th Brigade was in reserve,
continued. The brigade had not discovered
major attack was going
on and precious time was lost. At 10.30 am the 8th brigade
was finally ordered forward to
counterattack and take back the redoubts
and support the
first and the third
At the beginning of the counterattack the brigade made little progress,
and the enemy forces
were for a period forced to
VIII, IX and X were defended by the 17th
While the 8th
brigade’s counterattack was underway, redoubt VIII was still defended by
28 Prussian artillery guns commenced a heavy fire over the redoubt VIII, and
two times Prussian infantry tried to attack the
redoubt, and both
times attacks were repulsed.
The third time they managed and the redoubt fell.
Back by the defense was
only a few men.
IX was attacked by nine enemy companies. It was defended by the sixth
Company, and the battle ended only when
most of the Company had fallen. Redoubt
X was not left until the order to withdraw came, and all the guns
in the redoubt
Redoubt IX 1864
Redoubt IX 1864
Redoubt X 1864
Redoubt VIII 2010
Redoubt IX 2010
Redoubt X 2010
Although the counterattack of the 8th
Brigade did not throw the enemy decisive, it had it not been in vain.
counterattack cost heavy casualties, but helped the remaining troops of
and third Brigade to get back to the
Prussian forces continued their advance against the Danish positions at
the bridgehead. But
from the opposite side of the strait Alssund and from the
armored vessel Rolf
Krake stopped their advance and the remains
Danish forces withdrew in good order back to the island Als and the
pontoon bridges over Alssund was interrupted.
The battle of Dybboel was lost.
on both sides had been heavy, telling of the hard fighting, often
On the Danish side
700 were killed, 554 were wounded and 3,534 were captured, totally 4834
One general, (du Plat), a brigade
commander, 5 regimental
battalion commanders, and 36 company commanders
were killed, wounded or
captured. More than half of the commanders who
participated in the battle
Prussian loss were 1201 killed and wounded.