Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
The Stronghold of
and the rest of Jutland 1864
the stronghold Dannevirke was abandoned on February 5th1864, General
Gerlach pulled the Danish army back to the redoubts at
Dybbøl and the
fortress of the city Fredericia.
smaller force under General Hegermann-Lindencrone withdrew entirely up
through Jutland to Mors.
part of the enemy Prussian army began a siege of Dybbøl, while a second
force on Feb. 18 exceeded the Konge Aaen and had then
gone beyond the region the dispute and war was about, Schleswig
On March 8th the enemy retreated, and began the
and siege of Fredericia.
Prussian army did not come all the way to the fortress moats and
palisades, because the the meadows and marshes around the
not be passed.
Only by proper roads they could reach into the town and the roads were
completely dominated by the
The outpost chain was still able to keep
the enemy from the ramparts and the redoubts.
residents and the city knew that the whole city could be reached by the
enemy artillery, and in the days until the bombardment all the
to work, participated in building and repairing palisades, ramparts and
actual bombardment began on Sunday morning, March 20th with
42 field guns placed in five batteries. The
At 1 pm. General Wrangel stopped the bombardement and sent a written invitation to colonel Lunding on surrender.
The request was immediately refused by Lunding, and the bombardment continued.
Towards evening the bombardement declined and
died out completely during
artillery in the fortress could not even reduce the shelling as in 1849,
because the Danish artillery this time was not able to reach the
Lunding decided not to return fire, but await a more propitious time.
They have waited a onslaught
on top of the bombardment,
which did not occur. The outpost could after
the next day's reconnaissance report, that the Prussian artillery had
been evacuated and
the guns pulled away.
field guns, which the Prussian artillery used, did not cause nearly as
much damage as real siege guns would have done and two
days of bombardment was also a relatively short period. There were given 2,861 shots and the bombardment caused approx.
wounded and dead.
The redoubts was not seriously damaged, but many of the buildings in the
city were burned to the ground.
The Garrison had to leave the camp hospital and patients was moved to
the island of Funen.
Prussian troops withdrew to the area around Vejle, and later the troops
were deployed in the attack of the Dybboel stronghold,
Austrian troops remained outside of Fredericia. Already on March 25th the fortress was in a significantly better
shape than before the bombing. On
this day the King, Christian the 9th,
inspected the fortress, and at the same time Colonel Lunding
appointed lieutenant general.
the Dybbøl stronghold had fallen, there was a fear that Fredericia would
share the same fate, so the King commanded Fredericia
The Ministry og war granted his wish without examining the defense
situation in Fredericia.
On April 23th the supreme
command got the order of evacuation of Fredericia.
The supreme command tried to protest without result, and on April
got the order to abandon the fortress.
He was completely baffled after for some months having improved the
He was of the opinion, that
it was at the defense level,
it should be. The decision was not to
change, and on April 29th at midnight, the last soldier left
the city. The following day, at noon, the
Austrian troops occupied the
Austrian troops in i Fredericia
the fighting raged around Dybboel, the fourth division, which accounted
for most of the rest of the Danish army, pulled slowly back
The main force ended up at the island og Mors, where the commander
General Hegermann-Lindencrone in
the time before the final attack on
Dybboel tried some minor advances enabling him to rescue the besieged
troops at Dybboel.
However, he was forced to stay up north of the fjord Linfjorden while
the minister of war denied him reinforcements and supplies from
The battle of Lundby
the time of the Battle of Lundby, Jutland was effectively abandoned and
the remaining forces withdrew to the north of the Limfjord and
about to be shipped from the port of Frederikshavn.
Regiment had been left in the town Nørresundby to blur the embarkation
of the troops as long as possible.
If the opportunity
presented itself and it could be done without
excessive risk, they had to advance to the south.
July 1st thePrussians had sent three reconnaissance commands
northward from Hobro.
The Danish fifth
company had with 160 men
moved south towards Ellidshøj where they
supposed to find one of the enemy units in theit camp.
These, however, had enemy troops
again had left the area.
Only next morning the 5th company observed a vehicle convoy in Lundby.
a frontal bayonet
charge down a long hillside, but stopped 20 feet in
front of the earth dike the Prussians were in cover behind.
The battle resulted in major
32 dead, 44 wounded, 20 captured and 2 missing - a total of 98 -
compared with just 3 wounded Prussians. The
Prussians chose not to
pursue the remaining Danes.
Instead they broke up and went to Hobro, carrying both their own and the
battle at Lundby
was the irretrievable last battle of the second
Danish-Prussian war, and symptomatic it ended up also disastrous for the
Unfortunately, it also said to have been entirely unnecessary.
Later in the summer, the Government also chose to evacuate Northern
Jutland, and all of Jutland was from then occupied by
the Prussians and
Austrians, who tormented the peasants with arbitrary periodic
of food and horses.