The Northern German
Defence Line 1916-18 (Sicherungsstellung
Prisoners and the POW´s
were two kind of prisoners working around the Defense Line Sicherungstellung
of war, that according to the
international rules did not work on the
defense line, but did
some planting in the woods, draining the moors and other civil works.
POW´s helped at farms in the area, to compensate for the men who were
there is a link to a story about Dmitri, a Russian POW.
Russian POWs and their guard in Almdal
there was the German Prisoners of the state. They were political prisoners
and military deserters,
who normally were kept in the German
poor and brutal conditions, they were working at the defense line. No machines were available and everything had to be done by
death count among these prisoners was very high. Either they died of
epidemic deceases or were
killed attempting to
escape from the hard work and bad existence. Up early, and on foot to the battery where they worked. After a long days
hard work, they
went back to the
camp on foot where they only got some small rations of vegetable soup.
Constantly watched by the guards with mounted bayonets. There are stories about how even minor violations was rewarded with a
bayonet, some chalk and the mass
Where these unmarked graves are situated is unknown today.
A lot of circumstances indicate that the POWs had much better conditions
than the state prisoners. After
the war some graveyards for
the POWs were found, but no remains of the
prisoners. It also might be possible, that the prisoners were considered a like, and
made some different work.
they died the POWs were registered, but the prisoners were not.
example of the hard labor was to carry water to the concrete in the batteries. Often
it was situated 1 or 2 km away and was carried in
and night when the work started.
Team of prisoners at Arrild.
POW graveyard at Lögumkloster.
The German authorities established the graveyard
for POWs. It was founded in 1915 for the POWs that were kept under rather poor
conditions at Lögumkloster.
It contains 71 French, Belgian and Russian victims of a Typhus
epidemic in 1915. All POW´s have their own
stone with name, nationality an date og death. At
memorial on Danish, French and Russian has been raised by surviving
At the cemetary in
Lögumkloster the doctor from the camp is burried. He also died of tyfus.
The state prisoners lived in camps at Genner
, Skovby, the farm Damgaard at Rugbjerg, Abkær, Strandelhjörn, Galsted, the farm
Östergaard at Gammelskov, Hyrup, Öster
Terp, Toftlund, Arrild, Öbjerg, Ullemølle, Skärbäk, Gaardkrog at Vester
Every camp was under command of a Leutnant, and
every camp contained one or more penal companies with 250 men each.
battalion staff and 6 pioneercompagnies supervised the construction site.
Some POWs were stationed in the small communities
Almdal, and several stayed after the war.
One of those
who stayed was Dimitri.
grave in Almdal